|First Sino-Japanese War 1894-95
Internet Archive Chinese cruiser Lai-Yuen from 1894
There are, however,
The Chinese say the Japanese fired first, but the Tsi-yuen fought so well that a Japanese man-of-war was obliged to hoist the white flag, and only the arrival of other vessels saved her from capture. Further details were also added, that a shot had demolished the bridge, killing the Japanese admiral, who was seen to turn several somersaults in the air. This account is contradicted by the fact that several Europeans saw the Tsi-yuen running away with a white and Japanese flag. Unfortunately Chinese military and naval officers are obliged to spread exaggerated reports to please the taste of the majority of the nation, who are thoroughly ignorant of military matters, and would not be satisfied with the plain recital of the most heroic action...Nonetheless a largely readable account by a clearly enthusiastic and 'modern' author who evidences considerable interest in the naval aspects of his subject.
The War in the East: Japan, China, and Corea, White, Trumbull, 1895 Internet Archive
A contemporary, mostly military, account of the war for the general reader.
Concise History of the War Between Japan and China, Inouye, Jukichi,
MIT “Our Forces’ Great Victory in the Battle of the Yellow Sea - First Illustration” Ukiyoe nishiki-e woodblock print by Kobayashi Kiyochika Inoue Kichijirô of the Yalu battle, October 1894 - Sharf Collection, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (26 Jun 14)
MIT “Great Japanese Naval Victory off Haiyang Island” print by Nakamura Shūkō, 1894 (26 Jun 14)
Orders of battle
Battle of Pungdo 25 Jul 1894
From Wikipedia's Battle of Pungdo:
According to Japanese records, at 0700 on 25 July, the Japanese cruisers Yoshino, Naniwa and Akitsushima, which had been patrolling in the Yellow Sea off of Asan, encountered the Chinese cruiser Jiyuan, and gunboat Kwang-yi. These vessels had steamed out of Asan in order to meet another Chinese gunboat, the Tsao-kiang, which was convoying the transport Kowshing toward Asan.
(10 Nov 13)
Battle of the Yalu 17 Sep 1894
Internet Archive p168 1894 (26 Jun 14)
Sino-Japanese The Yellow Sea at time of First Sino-Japanese war
Internet Archive Battle of the Yalu maneuver track 17 September 1894
McGiffin's map of the battle as it appeared in Century Magazine;
note the inverted orientation of the map with North and the mouth of the
Yalu River at bottom. (29 Jun 14)
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